5 Types of UL 325 Compliance For Photo Eyes

Gate Safety UL325 Photo Eyes

Various regulations are associated with the UL325 safety standards when using safety devices for an automatic gate. If you are unsure what UL stands for, it refers to Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., created in 1894. The UL's mission is to "evaluate products in the interest of public safety." While the UL is the leading safety regulator, other third-party organizations evaluate safety with swing and slide gate operators.

When considering safety devices, five categories exist from the UL325 and are required for various gate types. Many gates require two specific entrapment devices.

Categories For Safety Devices For Swing And Slide Gates:

Type A-This Category Is Used For Inherent Entrapment Protection Systems

There are two main requirements for using an inherent entrapment protection device. First, the gate must reverse within 2 seconds and have a renewed input such as a loop sensor, card reader, or another comparable device. Next, the gate should halt once it senses another sequential obstruction. Of course, this also requires a renewed input using an actuation device not in the line of sight of the gate. This could be a portable wireless control. Ensure that your gate operator has an inherent entrapment device and complies with all the rules listed in the UL325 manual.

Type B1-A Non-Contact Sensor (Photoelectric Sensor Or The Equivalent)

This category refers to non-contact sensors, including photoelectric sensors or the equivalent device that comply with 32.1.1 in the ANSI/CAN/UL 325 manual. These sensors should be in each entrapment zone and operate only after they are correctly installed.

Type B2-Contact Sensor (Edge Device Or The Equivalent)

When installing B2 devices, these devices must be checked every time they are used to ensure no faulty conditions or obstructions are blocking the way. If the devices malfunction, manual operation of the gate is required.

Type C- Inherent Force Limiting (Adjustable Clutch, Pressure Relief Devices)

Inherent force limiting, inherent adjustable clutch, and inherent pressure relief devices cannot cause force after 100,000 cycles of operation when under a rated load that exceeds higher than 10 percent of manufacturer settings to stop the gate. The initial setting should be set to maximum force if a device is adjustable. Any device that uses inherent pressure relief or adjustable clutches should be easy to access by inspection and simple to repair so it is not constantly rendered inoperative.

Type D-Actuating Devices Using Continuous Pressure

This refers to continuous pressure actuation devices. One keynote is that when using these devices, a portable wireless control can not be used alongside it. Another vital facet is that these gate operators need constant pressure to start and finish any gate movements when opening and closing. When pressure stops, the gate needs to stop moving. Unless your gate has open and close buttons, the device automatically reverses the gate when the control button is pressed.

Gate Operator Entrapment Categories For Horizontal, Vertical Lift, And Vertical Pivot Gates:

When using an entrapment device for these gates, they must comply with A, B1, B2, or D categories. If they do not, they will not be UL325 compliant.

Entrapment Device Protection Categories For Swing And Vehicular Barrier (Arms)

When using these specific gates, you must follow categories A, B1, B2, C, or D. Although swing and slide gates operate differently, several safety devices will cover both slide and swing gate operators.

Safety Entrapment Devices That Are UL-Compliant

Some of the most popular devices that are UL325 compliant are retroreflective photo eyes and contact sensors such as safety edges. Remember that when using a safety device, you will need two independent entrapment protection means for every entrapment zone unless the single device can cover both opening and closing directions (such as an inherent reversing system) by following requirements set by the manual. For both swing and slide gates, you will require two devices. The same type of device cannot be used. Your entrapment zones are usually the opening and closing points of the gate.

View All UL325-Compliant Safety Devices

Using photo eyes or a safety edge helps your gate, whether a swing or slide gate, follow UL325 standards and lets you rest assured that you are offering the most protection to those entering and exiting your gate.

Have more questions about UL safety standards for photo eyes? Read this helpful article:

UL Monitored Photo Eye